Vacate or Stay? Your Ultimate Guide to Tenant Eviction Notices in India


Are you a landlord in India grappling with the challenge of evicting a tenant? Look no further! In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the ins and outs of legal notices to tenants, formats, and eviction procedures under Indian laws. So, let’s get the ball rolling by answering some of your burning questions on this topic.

Legal Notice to Tenant to Vacate

What’s the Purpose of a Legal Notice to Tenant?

A legal notice to tenant to vacate serves as a formal communication between the landlord and tenant, outlining the reasons for eviction and the time frame within which the tenant must vacate the property. This is essential to ensure both parties are aware of their rights and responsibilities, and that the process remains legally compliant.

Legal Notice Format to Tenant to Vacate

While drafting a legal notice to tenant to vacate, ensure it includes the following:

  1. Tenant’s name and address
  2. Landlord’s name and address
  3. Date of the notice
  4. Reason for eviction
  5. The period given to vacate the property
  6. Rent arrears or damage, if applicable
  7. Landlord’s signature

Here is a template for legal notice to tenant to vacate a property:

[Your Name]

[Your Address]

[City, State, Postal Code]

[Phone Number]

[Email Address]


[Tenant’s Name]

[Tenant’s Address]

[City, State, Postal Code]

Subject: Eviction Notice

Dear [Tenant’s Name],

This letter serves as a formal legal notice for the termination of your tenancy at the property located at [Property Address], in accordance with the terms and conditions stated in our lease agreement dated [Lease Agreement Date].

Reason for Eviction: [Mention the reason for eviction, such as non-payment of rent, violation of lease terms, damage to property, etc.]

As per the terms of our lease agreement, you are hereby given [Notice Period] to vacate the property and remove all your possessions by [Vacate Date]. Failure to comply with this notice will result in legal action being taken against you to enforce the eviction.

During the notice period, you are required to continue paying rent as agreed upon in our lease agreement. Any unpaid rent or charges for damages to the property will be deducted from your security deposit. If the security deposit is insufficient to cover the amount owed, legal action may be initiated to recover the balance.

Please note that your failure to vacate the property by the specified date will be considered as trespassing, and appropriate legal measures will be taken.

Kindly acknowledge receipt of this notice and confirm your intention to vacate the property by the specified date. You can contact me at [Phone Number] or [Email Address] to discuss any concerns or to schedule a property inspection before handing over the keys.


[Your Name]

[Your Signature]

Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act

What is the Notice to Tenant under Section 106?

Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882, provides guidelines for terminating a lease. It states that a lease can be terminated by either party by serving a written notice at least 15 days before the end of the month for monthly tenancies, or six months before the end of the year for yearly tenancies.

Can a Pagdi Tenant be Evicted?

Eviction of Pagdi Tenants

Yes, Pagdi tenants can be evicted, but only under specific circumstances. The Maharashtra Rent Control Act, 1999, governs Pagdi tenancies, which are predominantly found in Mumbai. Eviction is possible if the tenant has failed to pay rent, caused substantial damage, or violated any terms of the lease agreement.

Eviction Timelines in India

How Long Does it Take to Evict a Tenant in India?

The eviction process in India can vary depending on factors like the nature of the tenancy, grounds for eviction, and the court’s workload. Typically, it can take anywhere from a few months to a couple of years to evict a tenant.

Notice Periods in India

What is the Notice Period for Rental Agreements in India?

The notice period for rental agreements in India is generally specified in the lease agreement. In the absence of a specific period, the default notice periods as per Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act apply.

Do We Need to Pay Rent During the Notice Period?

Yes, tenants are required to pay rent during the notice period unless the landlord waives this requirement.

How Many Days’ Notice Period is Required?

The notice period depends on the terms of the lease agreement and the applicable laws. Generally, a 15-day notice is required for monthly tenancies and a six-month notice for yearly tenancies.

Legality of Notice Periods in India

Is 90 Days’ Notice Period Legal in India?

Yes, a 90-day notice period is legal in India if it’s agreed upon in the agreement between the landlord and tenant. However, it’s essential to ensure that the notice period is clearly specified and adhered to by both parties.

What Happens if I Don’t Pay the Notice Period?

If a tenant fails to pay rent during the notice period, the landlord has the right to take legal action, which may include eviction proceedings or seeking compensation for the unpaid rent. It’s crucial for tenants to abide by the terms of the lease agreement to avoid legal complications.

Is a Notice Period of 3 Months Legal?

Yes, a notice period of 3 months is legal if it has been mutually agreed upon by both the landlord and tenant in the lease agreement. As long as the specified notice period doesn’t conflict with any applicable laws, it remains legally binding.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can a tenant be evicted without a legal notice in India?

No, a tenant cannot be evicted without a legal notice. A proper eviction process must be followed, which includes serving a legal notice to the tenant, providing them with an adequate notice period, and obtaining a court order if necessary.

What if a tenant refuses to vacate after receiving a legal notice?

If a tenant refuses to vacate the property after receiving a legal notice, the landlord can initiate eviction proceedings in court. The court will examine the merits of the case and issue a judgment accordingly.

Can a landlord change the terms of the lease agreement during the notice period?

No, a landlord cannot unilaterally change the terms of the lease agreement during the notice period. Any changes to the agreement must be mutually agreed upon by both parties.

What if the tenant has already vacated the property but not paid the rent during the notice period?

In such cases, the landlord may pursue legal action against the tenant for recovery of the unpaid rent.

Can a tenant challenge the legality of a notice period in court?

Yes, a tenant can challenge the legality of a notice period in court if they believe it violates applicable laws or the terms of the lease agreement.

Are there any exceptions to the notice period requirements?

In some cases, such as when a tenant engages in illegal activities on the property, the landlord may be able to pursue immediate eviction without providing a notice period. It’s essential to consult with a legal expert in such situations.

Concluding Remarks

Navigating the complexities of legal notices to tenants in India can be challenging. However, by understanding the various aspects of eviction processes, such as legal notice formats, Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act, and the rights of Pagdi tenants, landlords can protect their interests while complying with Indian laws. Remember to consult with a legal expert to ensure that your eviction process is legally sound and fair to all parties involved.

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